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Year - 2024Volume - 2Issue - 1Pages - 22-31

AYURVEDIC CONCEPT OF MEDOROGA: REVIEW ARTICLE

 27 Feb 2024  159

About Author

Rathod D1,Gulhane D2,Ade 3,
1 Associate. Professor, Kayachikitsa Department, Shri K. R. Pandav Ayurved College, Nagpur
2 Asst Professor & HOD, Kayachikitsa Department, Government Ayurved College, Nagpur
3 UG First year Student, SMAC College, Bhilewada, Bhandara, Maharashtra

Correspondence Address

nagpur
Contact No. : 7721831934, Email : suraj_rathod78@yahoo.com

Date of Acceptance : 28 Feb 2024

Date of Publication : 27 Mar 2024

Article ID : SD-IJAY_063

How to cite this article : http://doi.org/10.55552/SDNJAY.2024.2104

Abstract

Ayurveda is a science mainly used for the prevention and treatment of diseases. Acharyas have mentioned their views and treatments for various diseases in  Ayurvedic texts. Ayurveda mentions various concepts and treatments. Sthula, also called  medorog by other Acharyas. They also mentioned  Nidana, Samrapti, Rupa, Upadrava, Chikitsa and Patya Apathya. It is explained as sthulya roga, medrogu as santarpana janya vyadhi, dhatvagni mandhyajanya vyadhi etc. Acharya Charak explained sthulya among Ashtaninditya purushas. The main causes of medroga are the  sedentary lifestyle, stress and eating habits of the modern world for medroga. Modern medrog science explains many theories and concepts. Therefore, it is important to discuss  medoraga according to  Ayurveda.

Introduction

Ayurveda is an ancient science in which the principles and clinical concepts are described in such a way that it can be used in clinical practice. In modern era due to change in lifestyle and dietary habits, medoroga is one of the major lifestyle disorders. It is necessary to follow Ahara and Vihara mentioned in ayurveda to keep the mind and body healthy (1). As per ayurveda sushrut, madhyam sharira is considered as the best, atisthula and atikrisha are always affected with some diseuses and disorders. Sthoulya that is medoroga has mentioned Acharya Charak under eight varieties of persons as astanindiniya purusha (2). Due to fast moving life and drastic changes have taken place in dietary habits, modes of lifestyle and is the first choice of every individual. This results in metabolic disorder and obesity also called as medoroga. In Ayurveda obesity is described as medoraga or sthoulya roga (3). Excessive intake of fatty food and fried food items and sedentary lifestyle leads to accumulation of excess body fats. In Ayurveda Shodhana procedure has mentioned to achieve the best result followed by Pathya Apathya and lifestyle modification plays an important role in the management of sthoulya. This article is an attempt to study Nidana (etiology), Samprati (etiology), Rupa (symptoms) and Chikishta Sutra (cure) of Sthuli through Pathya - Apathy (4).

Discussion

Through the above-mentioned characteristics, the factors that cause Medor are Medo Dhatu Vardhak Akhara and Vihara, which basically lead to corruption of Meda, which leads to obstruction of Meda, which leads to provocation of Vata, which ignites  Agni. . Any obstruction to Vata Dosha blocked in Koshta stimulates  Agni and therefore Sthula Purusha will feel Adhika Kshut and Pipasa. For the destruction of Samrapti Sthuli, the control of the Guru and Atharpana Akhara with the additional attributes of Vata, Shleshma and Medonashaka is considered  ideal. Selection of Treatment - Lekhana Basti is one of the specific Basti described in Sthula as  Kapha and Medohara are at work.

Conclusion

Ayurveda is science which has lots of theories regarding various lifestyle disorders.

Medoroga is one of them. Vast description of Medoroga has mentioned by Acharya fromnidana to chikitsa and also with apathya and pathya. Various types and forms of medicine are mentioned for the treatment and mainly shodhana chikitsa and shamana chikitsa. This treatment shows the significant results on the treatment of Medoroga. Anta Parimarjan Chikista (Basti, Virechana etc.) and Bahir Parimarjan Chikista (Udhvartana, Lepa etc.)It is more effective in relieving the signs and symptoms of Medora. This treatment followed by Patya and Apataya gives the best results in Medoroga treatment.

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