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Year - 2023Volume - 1Issue - 2Pages - 65-73

The Role of Ayurvedic Medicine and Shirodhara in Avasada w.s.r Depression – A Review Study

 03 Dec 2023  229

About Author

Sharma D1,Ojha D2,Sharma D3,Shukla D4,Bana D5,Mogra D6,
1 Assistant Professor , kayachikitsa department, Pt. KLS Govt. Ayurveda college, Bhopal, M.P
2 Professor & HOD, kayachikitsa department, , govt ayurveda college Raipur, Chhattisgarh
3 MD Physician, , L N Medical College & Hospital, Bhopal, M.P
4 PG Scholar, Dept of Kayachikitsa, kayachikitsa department, Pt. KLS Govt. Ayurveda college, Bhopal, M.P
5 PG Scholar, Dept of Kayachikitsa, kayachikitsa department, Pt. KLS Govt. Ayurveda college, Bhopal, M.P
6 PG Scholar, Dept of Kayachikitsa, kayachikitsa department, Pt. KLS Govt. Ayurveda college, Bhopal, M.P

Correspondence Address

Dr. Ratnesh Kumar Shukla
Post Graduate Scholar, Department of Kayachikitsa,
Pt. Khushilal Sharma Govt Ayurveda College and Institute, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh
E-Mail: Drratneshs@gmail.com
Mo. No. - 9340525166

Contact No. : 9340525166, Email : Drratneshs@gmail.com

Date of Acceptance : 17 Dec 2023

Date of Publication : 31 Dec 2023

Article ID : SD-IJAY_037

How to cite this article : http://doi.org/10.55552/SDNJAY.2023.1208

Abstract

Depression, a prevalent mental health issue globally, affects millions of individuals and manifests as persistent feelings of despair, loss of interest, and hopelessness. It impacts people irrespective of their age, gender, or background, often stemming from a complex interplay of genetic, environmental, and psychological factors. Symptoms vary among individuals but commonly involve enduring sadness, reduced energy, disrupted sleep, and disinterest in previously enjoyable activities. Severe cases may escalate to suicidal ideation and actions.

Shirodhara, an ancient Ayurvedic therapy, entails the gentle pouring of herbal oils, medicated milk, or decoctions onto the forehead in a continuous rhythmic flow from a specific height. This unique treatment is administered for a defined duration to achieve therapeutic effects.

Depression treatment encompasses a multifaceted approach involving medication, therapy, and lifestyle adjustments. Medicinal solutions like selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) are commonly prescribed to alleviate symptoms. Psychotherapy, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), aids in acquiring coping strategies and fostering a more positive life perspective.

Several risk factors contribute to depression, encompassing genetic predisposition, stressful life events, chronic ailments, and substance misuse. Seeking timely assistance upon experiencing depression symptoms is crucial, as early intervention enhances the effectiveness of treatment.

Introduction

Depression, a prevalent mental health issue globally, affects millions of individuals and manifests as persistent feelings of despair, loss of interest, and hopelessness. It impacts people irrespective of their age, gender, or background, often stemming from a complex interplay of genetic, environmental, and psychological factors. Symptoms vary among individuals but commonly involve enduring sadness, reduced energy, disrupted sleep, and disinterest in previously enjoyable activities. Severe cases may escalate to suicidal ideation and actions.

Shirodhara, an ancient Ayurvedic therapy, entails the gentle pouring of herbal oils, medicated milk, or decoctions onto the forehead in a continuous rhythmic flow from a specific height. This unique treatment is administered for a defined duration to achieve therapeutic effects.

Depression treatment encompasses a multifaceted approach involving medication, therapy, and lifestyle adjustments. Medicinal solutions like selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) are commonly prescribed to alleviate symptoms. Psychotherapy, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), aids in acquiring coping strategies and fostering a more positive life perspective.

Several risk factors contribute to depression, encompassing genetic predisposition, stressful life events, chronic ailments, and substance misuse. Seeking timely assistance upon experiencing depression symptoms is crucial, as early intervention enhances the effectiveness of treatment.

Discussion

Medhya Rasayana, known for enhancing intellectual abilities, memory, and cognitive functions, comprises substances such as Mandukaparni Swaras, Yashtimadhu Churna with Ksheer, Guduchi Swaras, and Shankhapushpi Kalka. These remedies, applied across diverse age groups, are instrumental in preventing and treating mental disorders. They effectively boost intellect, retention, and memory power, playing a crucial role in addressing psychiatric and psychosomatic ailments. Operating at the neurotransmitter level, Medhya Rasayana drugs specifically target mental performance by acting as neuro-nutrients, enhancing cerebral metabolism, increasing brain circulation, modulating neurotransmitter levels, and mitigating brain inflammation. Additionally, they shield the brain from free radical damage, reducing stress-induced memory impairment by regulating raised circulating corticosterone levels.

When Shirodhara incorporates Medhya Rasayana, it aids in alleviating depression by stimulating the nervous system to augment neurotransmitter secretion, particularly serotonin and dopamine. This action functions as a mood elevator, fostering a sense of well-being.

Shirodhara, beneficial for Vata and Pitta doshas, counters their imbalances, inducing relaxation and brightness, providing comprehensive mental rest. It aids in managing stress-related conditions like insomnia, anxiety, chronic headache, hypertension, and bronchial asthma. Further, it enhances brain blood circulation, nourishes hair and scalp, diminishes nervous tension, and aids in improving sleep quality.

Conclusion

The clinical study draws several important conclusions:

  1. Effectiveness of Medhya Rasayana Yog in Depression Treatment: Medhya Rasayana yog exhibits substantial efficacy in treating mental depression due to its nervine and brain tonic activities. Its mechanism involves stimulating the secretion of neurotransmitters, contributing to its therapeutic action.
  1. Effectiveness of Shirodhara with Medhya Rasayana in Depression Treatment: Shirodhara performed with Medhya Rasayana extracts proved highly effective in addressing mental depression. This practice stimulates the nervous system, potentially contributing to mood elevation and overall well-being.
  1. Modes of Action of Shirodhara: Shirodhara’s mode of action involves multifaceted elements such as ajna chakra, sthapani marma, temperature variations, pressure application, and manomaya kosha, showcasing its diverse pathways for therapeutic impact.
  1. Synergistic Effects of Medhya Rasayana and Shirodhara: When Medhya Rasayana and Shirodhara are employed together, they exhibit synergistic effects, demonstrating significant positive outcomes in mental health treatment.

References

  1. Dr Shraddha Sharma, A clinic-comparative trial of charkokta medhya rasayana and shirodhara in patient of mansik avasad , Thesis
  2. Dr Himanshu B Parikh, clinical study on avasad (depression) and  its management by rason yoga, Thesis
  3. R K Sharma and Bhagwandas, Charaka Samhita – English commentary Chaukhambha Sanskrit sansthan
  4. Ambikadutt Shashtri, Sushrutha Samhita –Nidana Sthana, With Ayurveda tatva sandipika vyakhya, Chaukhambha Sanskrit sansthan
  5. Acharya Vagbhatta , Ashtanga Hridaya – with Sarvanga Sundri teeka of Aruna Dutta and Ayurveda rasayana teeka by Hemadri
  6. American Psychiatric Associations diagnostic and Statistical manual of Mental Disorder DSM iv
  7. Diagnosis of Anxiety and Depression by Robert Priest, Macdonald and co-1983
  8. World Health Organizations International Classification of Mental and Behavioral Disorder ICD
  9. Choudhary R C, Abhinava Manasroga Vigyan, Chaukhambha Orientalia – Varanasi
  10. Prof. Ajay Kumar Sharma, Kaya chikitsa (Tritiya Bhaga), Chaukhambha Orientalia delhi
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