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Year - 2024Volume - 2Issue - 1Pages - 91-99

Efficacy of Ayurvedic management in Asthimajjagata Vata w.s.r. to Ankylosing Spondylitis -A Case Study

 21 Feb 2024  206

About Author

Dhawan D1,Jamdhade D2,Duddhalwar D3,Jamdhade D4,
1 PG Scholar, Yavatmal
2 PG Guide and HOD, Yavatmal
3 Associate Professor , Yavatmal
4 Assistant Professor , Yavatmal

Correspondence Address

DMM AYURVED MAHAVIDHYALAYA, YAVATMAL, MAHARASHTRA
Contact No. : 9915692055, Email : dyogita08@gmail.com

Date of Acceptance : 28 Feb 2024

Date of Publication : 27 Mar 2024

Article ID : SD-IJAY_060

How to cite this article : http://doi.org/10.55552/SDNJAY.2024.2111

Abstract

In recent decades, lifestyle has had a significant impact on an individual's physical and mental health. Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a disease that poses serious challenges to the healthcare system. The human approach to life has created inconsistencies in our biological systems. Busy work, social life, bad posture at the office, physical activity and cramps while traveling - all these factors play a role in putting too much pressure on the spinal cord, causing back pain. how. It belongs to a group of rheumatic diseases known as spondyloarthropathy (SpA) and is a chronic inflammatory disease of the axial spine. This shows a strong correlation with the genetic marker HLA B27. Inflammatory back pain and progressive spinal stiffness are noticeable in the early stages of the disease, while chronic aggressive disease can cause severe axial immobility and deformity. In Ayurveda, the term Astimajagata Vata is used to refer to A.S. The concept of Ama with an imbalance of the Vata, Pitta and Kapha doshas is associated with the signs of inflammation and stiffness  seen in ankylosing spondylitis. In modern medicine, there is no satisfactory treatment  for this disease. Various Panchkarma procedures and Ayurvedic medicines have been found beneficial for these symptoms. We present a case of ankylosing spondylitis where the patient was considered to be suffering from asthma (asstimajagata vata) and was treated for 4 months using a combination of Panchkarma practices and Ayurvedic treatments. Assessment criteria were based on calculation of the  Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI). A total of two assessments were performed before and after 4 months of treatment. The patient showed good improvement with BASDAI. Improvements were also found in signs and symptoms of A.S.

Introduction

Ankylosing spondylitis is a chronic systemic inflammatory disease that primarily affects the sacroiliac joints and axial spine. It is classified together with seronegative spondyloarthritis. Its etiology and pathogenesis have not yet been fully studied. Among HLA B27 positive individuals, A.S. It is about 5-6%.

how. This is a condition that develops gradually over several years until structural damage manifests clinically as sacroiliitis, spinal dysmobility, peripheral arthritis, enthesitis, and hip and thigh pain. In AS, the periosteal fibrocartilage is the primary target of the immune system, and destructive synovitis may develop. As the disease progresses, destruction of nearby joints or joint tissue occurs. The new, original cartilage is replaced by bone through fusion, resulting in stiffness and immobility. This fusion results in the formation of the bamboo spines characteristic of A.S.

Ayurveda interprets these changes within the concept of Vatavyadhi, which refers to Avarana Vata along with Ama and other doshas. Taking vatprakopak ahrar vihara in Astimajagata vata causes vatprakop and vishamagni to further develop Rukshta or Parushta in Astimajjavata srotas and ama sthansanshrita in Trika Pradesh. Clinical symptoms in hospitalized patients mainly include pain (shula) and stiffness (stambha). Both symptoms are found in the Vata and Kapha doshas of Ayurveda. However, signs of inflammation can be caused by pitta. In ankylosing spondylitis, disturbances in all dosha positions are observed.

Traditional medical systems use conservative and surgical treatments for this disease. Primary treatment methods include the use of steroids and NSAIDs, which cause serious side effects on the liver and kidneys. However, Ayurvedic treatments seem promising for treating AS without causing side effects.

 

Discussion

  • In fast lifestyle of competitive world, due to busy schedule, physical exertion and jerking activities during travelling; millions of people encounter problems related to spinal cord. Ankylosing Spondylitis is one of them which belongs to group of Spondyloarthropathies (SpAs) . In Ayurved Samhita, the term Asthimajjagata Vata shows the similar Clinical findings as in AS.
  • During the treatment, Patient was kept on Sanshaman and Sanshodhana chikitsa for a period of 4 months. Thus, after the 4 months of treatment, Patient had significant relief from symptoms. Study has shown improvement in symptom of  Chankraman and Prabhate graha (Morning stiffness). Statistically, Relief in low back ache, Bilateral knee joint pain and Muscle weakness.
  • In this case study, Sanshaman Chikitsa (Internal ayurvedic medicine) as well as Sanshodhan Chikitsa both were given to the Patient. It includes Langhana, Swedan, Deepan Pachan Aushadi and Matra basti with Bruhat Saindhavadhi tailam for 8 days.

 

  • Probable Mode of Action –

Langhan – Langhan therapy can resolve many problems which peoples are facing in this busy life schedule such as Ama dosha related problems which are root cause of all diseases, as disturbs the Agni. Langhan in the form of laghu Aahar is the first line of treatment for maintaining it. It helps in digesting Ama dosha, maintaining the Agni and brings lightness to the body.

Valuka pottali and Churan Pinda Swedan – Swedan Karma rectifies the function of Medodhatwagni and Jathragni and fastens the Pakakarma which causes Srotomukhashodhan. That causes the clearance of blocked passage, thus provides relieve from Shoola, Sthambha and Gauravta.

Sanshaman Aushadi chikitsa I.e.

Sinhanad Guggul  - contains guggul, shudha gandhak, triphala, Eranda tail which are Shothahar, Vedana shamak and Ama shodhak. It augments the agni which maintain the vishamagni .

Vatvidhavansa Rasa – It contains Shudha Parad, Gandhak, Vanga, loh bhasma, tamra bhasma, Shudha tankan, Trikatu, Shudha Vatsanabh etc which are Vatakapha shamak. Vatsanabh strengthens the Dhaurbhalya nadi sansthan.

 Amavatari Rasa -

Ashwagandha Churan – It act as Shothahara, Shool prashaman, Anuloman, Balaya and Brihniya.

Panchsakar Churan – It contains dravyas having Vata Anulomana, Deepan and  Ama pachan properties. It helps to maintain the Agni.

Guduchi Bharar Kwatha – It helps in Ama Pachan due to presence of tikta rasa and act as Rasayana.

Dashmool churan -  Dravyas having well known Anti inflammatory and Analgesic action and also used for its calming effect to the mind. These help to balance the tridosha in the body and helps in breaking the Samprapti of Asthimajjagata Vata.

Matra Basti with Bruhat Saindhavadhi tailam – Matra basti given to the patient for 8 days. Basti chikitsa is considered as an ArdhaChikitsa (half line of treatment) and Shreshtha Chikitsa for pacifying the aggravated Vata. Basti dravyas introduced into the rectum may act by stimulating peristalsis. As rectum has a rich blood supply, the basti drugs probably cross the rectal mucosa like other lipid membranes.

The portion absorbed from the upper rectal mucosa is carried by the superior haemorrhoidal vein into the portal circulation. Where as that absorbed from the lower rectum enters directly into the Systemic circulation via the middle and inferior haemorrhoidal vein.

Saindhavadhi Tailam contain dravyas having Deepan Pachan Properties causes Amapachan and also have Vatakaphahara properties, Vedanashamak due to ushan or tikshna guna.  Sukshma guna of Saindhav reaches upto the micro channels of the body and Tikshna guna breaks down the morbid mala and dosha sanghata. By liquifies the dosha, Saindhav plays an important role to initiate the absorption of basti.

Matra Basti directly pacified Apna vayu, restoring equilibrium of Agni which controls both samana and prana Vayu. Therefore, it balance the tridosha, act as Brihaniya and Srotovishodhak.

Conclusion

In this case study, the conclusion is Various Ayurvedic Panchkarma procedures and internal medicines have provided promising results especially in reducing the pain, decreasing the severity of deformity and also improve the quality of life without causing any adverse effects. Hence, Ankylosing Spondylitis  can be effectively managed by Ayurvedic treatment modalities based on proper assessment of the involved dosha and dhatus.

References

1. API textbook of Medicine edited by Yash Pal Munjal, ninth edition, Jaypee Brothers Medical Publisher , Chapter 24.4, Page no. 1814.

2. Textbook Of Pathology edited by Harsh Mohan, forward by Ivan Damjanov, Seventh edition, Jaypee Brothers Medical Publisher , Chapter 26, Page no. 844.

3. Sushrut Samhita of Maharsi Sushruta edited with Ayurveda Tattav Sandipika By Ambikadutta Shastri, Chaukhambha Sanskrit Sansthan, Varanasi, sushruta Nidana Sthan, Chapter 1, Page no. 298.

4. https:// medcraveonline.com/IJCAM/ ayurvedicnbspmanagement-of-ankylosing-spondylitis-a-case-report. html Samll

5. Charak Samhita of Agnivesa revised by Charak and Drdhbala with elaborated Vidyotini Hindi Commentary By Pt. Kasinath Sastri , Dr. Gorakhanath Chaturvedi, Chaukhambha Bharati Academy , Charak Chikitsa Sthan, Chapter 28, Page no. 782.

6. Drushtarth Madhavnidanam along with Madhukosh Hindi Commentary and Ayurvediya Roga Parikashan , Vd. P. G. Aathwale, Part 1, 13th edition, Vatavyadhi nidanam Adhyaya , Page no. 575.

7. Dravyaguna Vigyan by Prof. P.V. Sharma, Volume 2, Chaukhambha Bharati Academy, Varanasi, Page no. 763.

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