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Year - 2023Volume - 1Issue - 2Pages - 42-57

Dietary Practices of Millets according to Ritu

 12 Dec 2023  283

About Author

Joshi D1,Dachewar D2,
1 PG Scholar of Kayachikitsa Department, Shri Ayurved Mahavidyalaya,Hanuman nagar,Nagpur 440024
2 HOD and Professor of Kayachikitsa Department, Shri Ayurved Mahavidyalaya,Hanuman nagar,Nagpur 440024

Correspondence Address

Plot no. 5,Kashinagar,Rameshwari road,near i10 Super Bazar,opposite to Kalyani Bichyat Kendra,ngpur,440027
Contact No. : 9284761216, Email : ankitajoshi28081995@gmail.com

Date of Acceptance : 12 Dec 2023

Date of Publication : 31 Dec 2023

Article ID : SD-IJAY_042

How to cite this article : http://doi.org/10.55552/SDNJAY.2023.1206

Abstract

Objectives: Ayurveda is ancient Science of life, The basic principle followed in the Ayurvedic system of medicine is Swasthasya Swasthya Rakshanam which means to maintain the Health of Healthy is the first and foremost aim of the holistic science of Ayurveda instead of Aturasya Vikar Prashamanam means to cure the diseases of the Diseased. For this purpose Dincharya (Daily Regimen), Ritucharya (Seasonal Regimen) and Sadavritta (Social Code of Conducts) have been mentioned in the classics of Ayurveda.One of the regimen is Ritucharya, Ritu means Season and Charya means Regimen. Ritu has variation classification of Doshas , its has different effects on the body hence disturbed equilibrium (Prakruti-Purusha Siddhant ). This disequilibrium occurs due to lack of following seasonal regimens due to lack of concentration in seasonal characteristics which causes Doshavaishamya in the body which leads to disease manifestation.

 

 

Introduction

Ayurveda is ancient Science of life, The basic principle followed in the Ayurvedic system of medicine is Swasthasya Swasthya Rakshanam which means to maintain the Health of Healthy is the first and foremost aim of the holistic science of Ayurveda instead of Aturasya Vikar Prashamanam means to cure the diseases of the Diseased. For this purpose Dincharya (Daily Regimen), Ritucharya (Seasonal Regimen) and Sadavritta (Social Code of Conducts) have been mentioned in the Classics of Ayurveda.

One of the regimen is Ritucharya, Ritu means Season and Charya means Regimen. Ritu has variation classification of Doshas , its has different effects on the body hence disturbed equilibrium (Prakruti-Purusha Siddhant ). This disequilibrium occurs due to People do not know or ig-nore the suitable types of food stuffs, dressing, and others regimen to be followed in particular season, this leads to derangement of homeostasis and causes various diseases, such as obesity, diabetes, hypertension, cancer, and so on. Lack of following seasonal regimens due to lack of concentration in seasonal characteristics which causes imbalance of Doshas in the body and they lead to disease manifestation.

 

Prakruti (Constitution) is a unique Psychosomatic temperament of an individual encompassing the Physical, Functional and Behavioral Characters of a person. Ayurvedic Classics described Daily regimen (Dincharya), Seasonal Regimen (Ritucharya) and Social code of conducts (Sadvritta) to keep the body in a sound state .

 

In Tasyashitya1 chapter of Charaka Samhita, it is said _

Tasya Shitadtiya

Ahaarbalam Varnascha Vardhate.

Tasyartusatmayam Vaditam Chestaharvyapasrayam,

Which means the strength and complexion of the person knowing the suitable diet and regimen for every season and practicing accordingly are enhanced. Main theme of this chapter is to make people aware concerning the methods to live in accordance with the environment .

Hence, for achieving fitness, modification in diet as well as lifestyle according to Ritu and Prakruti  has to be given importance.

Discussion

In response to Ritu, Vata, Pitta and Kapha Doshas show 3 types of response (Avastha) that is _

Sanchaya, Prakopa, Prasham

                                                             State of Doshas21

   Dosha

Accumalation      (Chaya)

Aggravation (Prakopa)

Pacification (Prashaman)

    Vata

    Grishma

    Varsha

     Sharat

    Pitta

     Varsha

    Sharat

    Hemanta

    Kapha

    Shishira

    Vasant

    Grishma

 

According to Avastha of Vata, Pitta and Kapha Doshas which millet is suitable and does not cause doshavaishamya and maintain Homeostasis of the body is discussed

 

  1. In Shishir Ritu - As Kangu and Cheenaka owing Guru and Bruhaniya qualities are suitable to consume in Shishir Ritu

 

  1. In Vasanta Ritu - Food items tasting Tikta (bitter), Katu (pungent), and Kashaya (astringent) and Laghu in guna which pacifies Kapha Dosha are to be taken. As Vanshayava owing similar qualities is suitable to consume in Vasanta Ritu

 

  1. In Grishma Ritu - Foods which are light to digest—those having Madhura (sweet), Snigdha (unctuous), Sheeta (cold), and Drava (liquid) Guna are to be taken. As Ragi and Bajara owing similar qualities are suitable to consume in Grishma Ritu

 

  1. In Varsha Ritu – Bajra is Madhura in Rasa, Ushna Virya and pacifies Vata and Kapha Dosha. Hence Bajara is suitable to consume in Varsha ritu

 

  1. In Sharad Ritu - Foods are having Madhura (sweet) and Tikta (bitter) taste, and of Laghu (light to digest) and cold properties are advised. Foods having the properties to pacify vitiated Pitta are advised. Hence One should advised to consume Jowar, Kodrava, Shyamaka and Nartaki owing similar qualities in Sharat Ritu

 

  1.  In Hemant Ritu - Jatharagni (digestive fire) get ignited and appetite increases. Due to this capacity body easily digest Guru Aahar (heavy food). As Cheenaka and Kodrava owing Guru and Bruhaniya qualities are suitable to consume in Hemanta Ritu

Conclusion

Hence there arises a need to understand and implementation of change in diet and practices in response to change in Ritu. In this paper presentation, According to Prakruti and Ritu which Shridhanyam wiil be suitable to keep the body Healthy and in a sound state is discussed.

References

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P.G. Department of Dravyaguna Lalit Hari State, P.G. Ayurveda College & Hospital, Pilibhit, Uttar Pradesh, India

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