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Year - 2024Volume - 2Issue - 1Pages - 147-151

Ayurveda Management of kampavat with special reference to Parkinson’sDisease – A Case Study

 04 Mar 2024  82

About Author

Asole D1,Duddalwar D2,Jamdhade D3,
1 PG Scholar Kaychikitsa, Yavatmal
2 Associate Professor , Yavatmal
3 HOD & Professor , Yavatmal

Correspondence Address

Shree Hari Colony,Sai Nagar,Wardha Road,Arvi
Ta. :- Arvi , Dist:- Wardha
Contact No. : 7057865983, Email : asolevaishnavi@gmail.com

Date of Acceptance : 07 Mar 2024

Date of Publication : 27 Mar 2024

Article ID : SD-IJAY_071

How to cite this article : http://doi.org/10.55552/SDNJAY.2024.2119

Abstract

Parkinson’s disease is a progressive degenerative neurological disorder which mainly affects the motor system of body and it is characterized by resting tremors, slowness of movements, rigidity, gait disturbances/postural instability. It is correlated with Kampavata [Disease associated with tremors in body] in Ayurveda, as it is characterized by Sarvanga Kampa/ShiroKampa [tremors all over body or tremors in head]. It is a Vata vyadhi which occurs due to pathological increase of Chala Guna [Moving property] of Vata. Treatment consists of both internal and external administration of different forms aimed to reverse pathology of Vata imbalance. Here, a case of 65 years female patient presented with tremors in both hands and neck, unable to walk since 2 years. Patient was treated with Panchakarma therapies; like nasya (administration of medicated oil through nasal route) Basti and Shaman Aushadhis. The patient got remarkable relief in symptoms with above Panchakarma and Ayurveda medicines.

Introduction

KampaVata is one among vataj nanatamaj Vyadhi explained by Acharya Charak in Sutrasthan (1).Kamp the prominent feature in kampavata which  is  mainly  caused  by  the vitiation  of vata. The word Kampavata means the disorder of Impaired Vata, in which the prime clinical manifestation Is Kampa.

“Na kampo vayuna vina” (2)

In early stages it can be manage with combine approach of shodhana like Basti [medicated enema],nasya[Nasal drops], Snehan ,swedan with shamana drugs . Taila is the best source for curing/ balancing the abnormal Vata Dosha. Parkinson’s disease is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder which mostly affecting older adult making them crippled as disease progresses. Parkinsonism is typically characterized by fine pin rolling tremors which is progressive in nature, rigidity in extremities, difficulty in walking, unable to balance the body and slow walk/ short shuffling gait (3). Mean age of onset is about 60 years; course Progressive over 10–25 years (4). This disease can be correlated as Kampa Vata in Ayurveda. Previous case study showed significant improvement in patients who are treated with Sahcharadi Taila Matra basti and Panchendriya vardhan tail for nasya

 

Discussion

Kampavata is a Nanatmaja disorder of Vata according to Ayurvedic literature, and this condition may be associated with distorted Vata due to Dhatukshya vatavyadhi and Avarana (10). Ayurvedic treatment for this condition is mainly based on treating unbalanced Vata. Ayurveda offers excellent treatments of Panchkarma and Shaman Chikitsa to such patients.

In Kampavata avarana, Vata and Dhatukshaya are the main pathological processes. Charaka emphasized Srotosuddhi, Vatanulomana and Rasayana in the overall management of Avarana (5). For the first time, Vangasena Samhita (6) explained the Kampavata healing principles. It is clearly stated that Abhyanga, Swedana, Nasya, Niruha, Anuvasana, Virechana and Shirobasti are beneficial ways to increase the life  of the patient. So we offer Matra Basti with Sakhcharadi tail and Nasya with Pachendriya Vardhana tail to control unbalanced Vata.

Affordable Ayurvedic Panchkarma treatments can make your life much easier and see your life expectancy increase dramatically.

 Mode of Action : -

Mahayogaraj guggul helps in reducing aches, muscle aches and pains. Brahmi vati, which includes brahmi, pippali, shilajit, vanga bhasma, and abhrak bhasma, is useful in treating symptoms of depression and stimulating the central nervous system. Dashmul, Rasna is ushna, tikshna, pachak, vathna dravya. Because Kapikachu has the attributes of Dhatuvriddhikara, Vatashamaka and Shukraviddhikara (7). Therefore, it also works against degenerative processes and can be  useful in the Dhatukshaya state. It also corrects the function of Indriya found  in Kampavat. Additionally, Zandopa (Mucuna Pruriens) containing L-dopa, which has antiparkinsonian activity, has been prescribed (8).

 The role of Basti is very important in the treatment of Kampawata (Parkinson's disease). He promotes Balu, Mansa and Shukra. These are Sadyobalyajanana and Rasayana. These are Balya, Vrishya, Sanjeevana, Chakshushya and they energize the body (9).

Conclusion

Parkinson’s disease can be clinically compared with Kampavata according to Ayurveda. Among the various Ayurveda treatments, various Panchkarma procedures Such as Abyanga, Swedana, Nasya, Shirobasti, Basti Proved to be effective for treating PD patient. Drastic Improvement can be seen from the above case study. Both Sanshodhana and Shamana Chikitsa play an Important role to improve the Activities of Daily Living Of a PD patient.

References

1) Charak Samhita, Vd. Vijay Shankar Kale, Delhi Chaukhamba Pratishthan , Edition:- 2013 , Charak Sutrasthan 20/11 , Pg. No. 301.

2) Raja Radha kant Deva, Shabdakalpadruma, Vol-4 edition, Chaukhamba Sanskrit series Varanasi, 1967; 325.
3) Davidson’s Principle & Practice of Medicine , 22nd Edition, Edited by Brain R. Walker , Stuart H. Ralston , Chapter 26 Pg. No. 1195 .
4) Harrison’s Manual Of Medicine, 19th Edition, Editor Dennis L. Kasper, MD, MA(HON) ;J.Larry Jameson,MD,PhD , Section 14 , Pg.no.976
5) Charak Samhita, Vd. Vijay Shankar Kale , Delhi Chaukhamba Pratishthan , Edition – 2013 , Charak Chikitsasthan Adhyay 28 Shlok no. 239-241 , Pg.no.709.
6) Dr. Nirmal Saxena edited Vangasena vol. I 28/155 edition, Pub: Chaukhamba Krishnadas Academy, Varanasi, 2004; 409.
7) Sharma P. V. Dravyaguna Vigyana, Chaukhambha Surbharti Academy, Varanasi, 1988.
8) Khory R.N and Katraka M.N. Materia Medica of India and their therapeutics, 1984.
9) Dr. Kewal Krishan Thakral, Sushrata Samhita, Chaukhamba Orientalia, Revised Edition, Su.Ci.38/106-111.
10) Charaka Samhita:- Agnivesh Revised by Chraka and Dridhabala, Vidyotini Hindi Commentary by pt.Kashinathshastri and Dr. Gorakh Nath Chaturvedi –13th edition, Chaukhambha Sanskrit series Varanasi, 1986.
 
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