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Year - 2024Volume - 2Issue - 1Pages - 09-14

A REVIEW OF MILLETS AS DISCRIBED IN AYURVED SAMHITAS

 16 Feb 2024  227

About Author

Yerne D1,Bhalme D2,Daulatkar D3,
1 PG scholar, Sanskrit Samhita and Siddhant, Bhausaheb mulak ayurved college Nagpur, Maharashtra
2 Guide, Sanskrit Samhita and Siddhant, Bhausaheb mulak ayurved college Nagpur, Maharashtra
3 HOD, Department of Sanskrit Samhita and Siddhant,, Bhausaheb mulak ayurved college Nagpur, Maharashtra

Correspondence Address

PLOT NO. 19, SHIV COLONY
DIGHORI
NAGPUR
440034
Contact No. : 8551803787, Email : mrunaliyerne17@gmail.com

Date of Acceptance : 19 Feb 2024

Date of Publication : 27 Mar 2024

Article ID : SD-IJAY_053

How to cite this article : http://doi.org/10.55552/SDNJAY.2024.2102

Abstract

The goal of this study is to investigate the nutritional and medicinal potential of millets from an Ayurvedic perspective, supported by contemporary scientific research. The study's methodology comprises a field survey, a review of the literature beginning with Ayurvedic classics from ancient India, and current scientific and research-based publications, such as journals and periodicals. In tribal areas and less developed regions of the nation, millets are still used as supplemental food grains. Classics of Ayurveda use millets extensively in therapeutic applications.

Introduction

What we eat shapes who we are. Food affects the body and causes disease; food, both wholesome and unwholesome, determines happiness and suffering. [1] Numerous diseases are emerging as a result of dietary and lifestyle changes, and these changes are also contributing to their cure. The way that people eat is changing right now. In the past, people consumed grains and pulses as staple foods because they are high in macronutrients.

Discussion

The Ayurvedic description of millets is limited since Ahara Dravyas Achyarya Sushruta has mentioned a distinct Varga, or Kudhanya, for millets. They are referred to as Trinadhanya in Shuk Dhanya Varga in other Samhitas.


All millets are members of the Poaceae family and are arranged in several vargas based on various Nighantus.

They are positioned Shalyadi Varga in Raj Nighantu, Suvarnadi Varga in Dhanvanari nighantu, and Dhanya Varga in Bhava Prakash and Kaideva nighantu.

They are small seeded grass used for animal food as well as cattle food.

Patients with Prameha benefit greatly from millets. Because it possesses Kashaya Rasa and Ruksha guna, it may absorb water in the body and prevents frequent urination. For these patients, it might serve as their main diet. Acharya Charak says that Trindhanya, when combined with Sasti rice and Sarshap oil, is utilised in Prameha as Pathya.[25]

The majority of millets, including Kodrava, Jwaar, Yavaka, Shyamaka, and Priyangu, are utilised to treat Santarpanjanya illness.[26] Emaciation therapy is necessary for the treatment of these ailments because they are brought on by an overly nourishing diet. Due to its Ruksha properties and Kashaya taste, millet is beneficial in this situation.

Kodo has the ability to cure wounds, therefore it can be utilised with patients who have vrana.[27] Millets such as Koradusha and Nirvara

Conclusion

Classics describe millet under cereals. They have broad applications in the regulation of food in a number of illnesses. They work well for illnesses associated with Pitta and Kapha, but not with Vata Vyadhi. They are acceptable in a typical diet.
 

 

References

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  2. Bhavamishra, Bhavprakash, commentary by Dr. Bulusu Sitaram, voll Purvakhanda, Part 1, chapter 6, Dhanyavarga, 9/1, Chaukhambha orientalia, Varanasi 2015, pg no 426

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  16.  Agnivesha , Charak Samhita, edited by Yadavjee trikramjee Acharya, Sutrasthana 25/40  , Chaukhamba Subharati Prakashan , Varanasi, 2016, p.132

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  18.  Raj Nighantu , English translation by Satish Chandra Sankhya Dhar, shalyadi varga 9/130-131,  Chaukhambha  orientalia, Varanasi Reprint 2017, pg  no 880

  19.  Kaiyadeva Nighantu, edited by Prof P. V. Sharma , Dhanya Varga 105, Chaukhambha orientalia, Varanasi Reprint 2016, pg  no 321

  20.  Kaiyadeva Nighantu, edited by Prof P. V. Sharma , Dhanya Varga 107, Chaukhambha orientalia, Varanasi Reprint 2016, pg  no 321

  21.  Agnivesha , Charak Samhita, edited by Yadavjee trikramjee Acharya, Sutrasthana 25/40  , Chaukhamba Subharati Prakashan , Varanasi, 2016, p.132

  22.  Kaiyadeva Nighantu, edited by Prof P. V. Sharma , Dhanya Varga 103, Chaukhambha orientalia, Varanasi Reprint 2016, pg  no 319

  23.  Raj Nighantu , English translation by Satish Chandra Sankhya Dhar, shalyadi varga 9/136-137,  Chaukhambha  orientalia, Varanasi Reprint 2017, pg  no 881

  24.  Bhavamishra, Bhavprakash, commentary by Dr. Bulusu Sitaram, voll Purvakhanda, Part 1, chapter 6, Dhanyavarga, 9 , Chaukhambha  orientalia, Varanasi 2015, pg no 440-442

  25.  Agnivesha , Charak Samhita, edited by Yadavjee trikramjee Acharya, Sutrasthana 6/20  , Chaukhamba Subharati Prakashan , Varanasi, 2016, p.306

  26.  Agnivesha , Charak Samhita, edited by Yadavjee trikramjee Acharya, Sutrasthana 21/25  , Chaukhamba Subharati Prakashan , Varanasi, 2016, p.117

  27.  Raj Nighantu , English translation by Satish Chandra Sankhya Dhar, shalyadi varga 9/126-127,  Chaukhambha  orientalia, Varanasi Reprint 2017, pg  no 880

  28.  Agnivesha , Charak Samhita, edited by Yadavjee trikramjee Acharya, Sutrasthana 4/36  , Chaukhamba Subharati Prakashan , Varanasi, 2016, p.430

 

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